Bharatanatyam is the classical dance of India. It is a deeply profound and complex art form; its antiquity can be traced to manuscripts composed around the 2nd century, BC, such as Sage Bharata’s “Natya Shastra.” The dance can be (broadly) broken down into three primary aspects:
Nritta is the pure dance movement with no interpretive meaning.
Nritya is the combination of rhythm, intricate hand gesture, expression, narrative, and facial / eye movement.
Natya is the element of drama and storytelling.
Bharatanatyam is accompanied by carnatic music (classical music of south India).